Well over a decade ago I created my first lean enterprise assessment, just as a tool to help me understand gaps in my organization. I’m generally loathe to use such tools as they are often misinterpreted, gamed, or whatnot – but so be it. It’s a tool and just a tool. Coincidentally that first assessment tried to measure the use of lean tools, which led us down the toolhead path – and smack into a wall. We learned our lesson, and began asking “why” and then “how” before choosing the appropriate tool for the problem.
Over time that assessment morphed into something that tries to measure behaviors and perspectives, not tools. It’s fairly lengthy, but still very well-received. And scary, as it is virtually impossible to receive a high score unless you have implemented lean from your suppliers through to your customers, and truly created a culture of continuous improvement. There are forty questions in four sections: respect for people and community, creating customer value, leadership and alignment, and accountability and results.
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But my point isn’t to pander those tools. Along the way, both in my organizations and in the hundreds of others that have used the assessment, I noticed a common trend:
- First assessment: high score
- Second assessment (generally 1 to 2 years later): much lower score
- Third assessment: static to even lower score
Most people wouldn’t consider that to be progress. How can you get worse? But think about what’s happening. And that’s fundamentally why the assessment is just a tool – it helps you prioritize areas to work on. Nothing more.
Before starting down the lean journey, most organizations think they’re pretty good. Inventory? Helps buffer issues obviously caused by suppliers and anyone except ourselves. Obviously. Waste? Comes with the territory because our products and processes are more complex, different, inherently unstable, “artsy,” etc. (pick one). People? Can’t be trusted.
So they look at the assessment, especially the first one that didn’t try to point out such fallacious fantasies (!), and skew it higher. In their own minds. Or consider it an impossible utopia.
Then, if they have a solid lean leader, they start to learn. They visit other real lean organizations, attend seminars, workshops, conferences, and perhaps even training programs by the likes of Gemba Academy. And they start to realize how far down the totem pole they are. That’s fine, as long as they start to improve.
As they learn, they discover even more areas for improvement. As they drain the inventory swamp they uncover more problems. As they train their people – and learn to respect their brains – more opportunities arise. And they feel even worse.
They try a lot of tools. Perhaps judiciously, but probably without a lot of forethought. Many of those tools fail – but they were tried. And over time as appropriate problems and opportunities present themselves, they remember and apply them again with success.
Nearly a decade later the organization sometimes feels horrible – almost like a failure. There are so many issues, so many problems, so many opportunities. So many tools have been tried and abandoned. But let me tell you about one such organization – and I know because it was the one I ran for over eight years, and I’m damn proud of those people.
That organization trains on lean, has a solid 5S program, uses manual and visual systems to manage production across three facilities instead of shop floor MRP, has reduced lead times by 90%, has morning standup meetings in all key departments, is rated best-in-class for quality by its major customers, and outcompetes its “low cost country” competitors – on price and quality – from the not-so-cheap state of California. TWI is used extensively, autonomous teams have been deployed, and ridiculous budgeting processes have been eliminated. It hosts tours and workshops by AME, local and state business groups, and in all cases there’s a big “wow!” It was even successful enough that it built a new 120,000 sq ft facility – in California in the middle of a recession no less – that leverages massive reconfigurability concepts.
But in their minds, they have so, so far to go. The journey seems to get longer and longer. They don’t want to apply for prizes or awards – there just isn’t the time because there are so many issues to work on. Certifications? A rainbow of belts? Nowhere.
The more you learn and the more you improve, the more you understand how far away perfection really is. The depression of excellence? Until you remember those days long ago, when you smugly thought you were great.